The first known Shofar was sounded from Heaven.
And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. Exodus 19:19
Shofars are made from the horn of a kosher animal, with the exception of the cow. The inside is cleaned out and a hole drilled in the small end so it can be used to sound notes.
Why do we sound the Shofar?
We blow the Shofar because we are commanded multiple times in the Torah to hear and sound the Shofar. The shofar was used to announce the holidays (Psalms 81:4), to sound in the New Year (Leviticus 7:9), in procession with the Ark of the Covenant (II Samuel 6:15, I Chronicles 15:28), to signify war (Joshua 6:4, Judges 3:27)
How do we sound the Shofar?
We use our mouth and lips similar to the playing of a trumpet to sound the Shofar by making a fast vibration on the mouth piece.
Who should sound the Shofar?
Most can let a note rip loudly but not all can play with an anointing. This must be given from above and respected. To answer the question both men and women may sound the Shofar and both should.
How do you clean and maintain your Shofar?
You can use alcohol to kill germs and odor that may arise. A blower or hair dryer may be used on low heat to dry a Shofar. Keep your Shofar in its bag and allow plenty of time for drying after playing. Make sure when storing for any period of time that the temperature doesn’t change drastically, like in an attic, car or outside in Texas.